Why Romania?

In Romania, there are about 2,5 million homeless dogs and they are only getting more and more. In the fall of 2013, a law was introduced, which we call "The Law of Death", which means that the municipalities today catch the dogs and throw them into the fence of death - a municipal fence where they let them starve for a number of weeks and then kill them in a terribly painful way . All for the sake of money. Money is received from the EU in the form of grants that should really go to food, castration care and other things but instead goes straight into the pocket of the authorities and the mayor. Death fences are found in each municipality and usually several fences in the same municipality. The only way to reduce the number of dogs is to castrate on the spot and this is where DogRescue comes in.

Romania is a republic in Eastern Europe. The country borders in the north towards Ukraine, in the east to Moldova and the Black Sea, in the south to Bulgaria, along the Danube River, and in the west to Hungary and Serbia. Romania, with its more than 22 million inhabitants, is the most populous country in the Balkans. At the outlet to the Black Sea, the Danube forms a delta that is a wildlife sanctuary for many native birds and migratory birds.

At 238,400 square kilometers (92.000 sq mi), Romania is the ninth largest country in the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population in the European Union with approx. 22 million people. Romania's capital and largest city is Bucharest, the sixth largest city in the EU with about two million people.

Due to its distance to the open sea and position on the southeastern part of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is a transitional period between temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature is 11 ° C in the south and 8 ° C in the north.

Spring is nice with chilly mornings and nights and hot days. Summers are generally very hot or hot, with summer (June-August) having an average maximum temperature in Bucharest to 28 ° C and temperatures above 35 ° C being quite common in the lower lying areas of the country. Average temperatures in Bucharest and other lower lying areas are about 16 ° C. The fall is dry and cool, with fields and trees producing colorful foliage. Winters can be cold, with an average mean even in lower lying areas reaching no more than 2 ° C and below -15 ° C in the highest mountains.

The rainfall is, on average, over 750 mm (30 inch) per year only on the highest western mountains, much of the falling snow, which allows for an extensive skiing industry. In the southern central parts of the country (around Bucharest) the level of precipitation is about 600 mm (24 inches), while in the Danube Delta, the rainfall levels are very low, and the average for this part is about 370 mm.

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HISTORY

In what is today the territory of Romania, many peoples have lived through the ages. Between the years 106 and 271, a large part of the area was part of the Roman Empire, under the name Dacia. After this, the country became home to various migratory tribes.

During the Middle Ages, two Romanian states were formed: Moldova and Valakia, while most of Transylvania was Hungarian since the 900 century (and even up to 1919). From the 1500 century, most of what is today dependent on the Ottoman Empire is Romania.

First 1829 gained Moldova and Valakiet autonomy within the Ottoman Empire. They were united to Romania, Romania 1862. The country gained its independence 1878.

Despite a failed hiatus in the First World War, the country was on the side of the victors after the war and received a huge replacement of the fragmented Hungarian kingdom in the form of an extended Transylvania.
Romania entered the Second World War as a neutral state, but entered into an 1940 alliance with Hitler's Germany since the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina. This happened after Field Marshal Ion Antonescu forced King Carol II to abdicate. Antonescu appointed himself a conducter, the dictator of Romania, and allied himself with Nazi Germany. The country's troops fought with the German Wehrmacht against the Soviet Union.
After the losses against Soviet 1943, public opinion in the country turned against Antonescu and in the summer of 1944 he was deposed and imprisoned. The new regime declared war on Germany but the country was taken over by the Soviet Union in the fall.

After World War II, Romania 1947 became part of the Eastern bloc as a Communist one-party state. 1965 Nicolae Ceauşescu came to power and officially distanced Romania from the Soviet sphere of power with its own foreign policy. He started a collaboration with Renault for passenger cars under the name Dacia and also passenger aircraft manufacturing under license of BAC 1-11. 1967, Romania was the first state in the Eastern bloc, after the Soviet Union, to resume diplomatic relations with West Germany (see Hallstein Doctrine).

Romania was no exception to the disintegration of the eastern bloc at the end of the 1980 century. The totalitarian dictatorship fell during the Romanian revolution 1989. After a speedy trial, Ceauşescu and his wife Elena Ceauşescu were executed on Christmas Day that year. The National Liberation Front leader, Ion Iliescu, became the first democratically elected president.

The problems created by the old regime proved to be difficult to solve. The next few years became troubled with several violent uprisings and a severe economic crisis. Following a process initiated with the application for association agreement November 1992 with a view to membership 2004, on 25 April 2005 was finally granted Romania and Bulgaria an accession treaty and member of the EU on 1 January 2007. This meant a lot to the country.

POPULATION

The population consists of 90% Romanians and 7% Hungarians. The Romanian language, like many other languages ​​in southern Europe, originates from Latin, although Romania has been isolated from other Romanian language groups and almost completely surrounded by Slavic languages. The language has also received major elements of Greek and Slavic loanwords.
Up to the 1800 century, the language was written with the Cyrillic alphabet and then the 1800 century to switch to the Latin alphabet. Romania has often been split between two cultural traditions and differs significantly from its neighboring countries through its language, its religion and its folk and cultural traditions.

The Romanian school is compulsory for 10 years. The children also have the opportunity to enter a voluntary preschool at an early age 3-6 years. After compulsory school, students can voluntarily take entrance exams to the Gymnasium, which has a range of practical and theoretical lines. There are over 40 higher education institutions, including five universities and five technical colleges. The tuition is free of charge and is a hot political initiative even at the university. The country's minorities have the opportunity to receive their education in their mother tongue. Since 1989, the education system has been reformed. But things have been slow and the standard of education varies widely in different parts of the country; education has a better standard in cities compared to rural areas where the quality can be very low. Romania participates fully in the EU education program.

POLICY

The Romanian Parliament has two chambers, the Senate and the Camera Deputies, the Chamber of Deputies. The members of both chambers are elected by universal suffrage every four years.

* 137 seats in the Senate
* 334 seats in the Chamber of Deputies

These locations are selected based on the 41 constituencies you see in the first image.

The members of each chamber are elected every four years. The country's president, the leader of the executive branch, is also democratically elected every five years. The president elects a prime minister, who leads the government. The members of the government are in turn elected by the Prime Minister. The government is subject to Parliament's approval.

Romania's economy collapsed after the fall of the communist regime, many government jobs were closed down and became private limited companies, making many Romanians unemployed. GDP decreased 1990 by -10%, -15% 1991 and -7,5% 1992. Under 1992, GDP in nominal terms was $ 19,5 billion, which means the developing country level. At the end of 1996, the Democratic Party in Romania was elected and the government promised to accelerate economic reform. The government tried to reform 1997 throughout the economy, which seemed to succeed until the debt was repaid to the IMF. The scale became so stressful for the economy so it collapsed 1997. In August 1999 launched a new multi-billion dollar mass loan. However, the reform failed, and 1999 became a fall for the economy with a rebound due to the debt to the IMF, and the economy collapsed again. the Democratic Party failed to improve the economy.

Between 1992-2000, GDP had grown only from $ 19,5 billion to $ 28 billion. The average monthly salary in Romania in the year 2000 was 100 dollars (equivalent to SEK 691). And during 2001 the standard of living fell further. Wages were reduced by 40% and corruption increased. The new IMF Standby Agreement, signed 2001, led to macroeconomic gains and opened the country to foreign investment, boosting the country's GDP. The IMF offered a new agreement for 2004 on a new loan. However, the Romanian authorities refused, and instead hoped for EU export markets. Romania joined the European Union 1 January 2007. Some say that 2007 was "Romania's golden year" after communism when the whole country had an economic boom. During the third quarter of 2011, the total monthly average income was 558 euros per household (about SEK 5000). However, the difference between urban and rural areas is greater. Income is 36% higher in cities than in rural areas (2009).

About 10 percent of the population is estimated to live below the poverty line (ie low income) (2010) this compared to 42% between 1990 and 1999. Of these, 90% live in rural areas. However, 50% of the population lives under "Material Poverty" ie. a measure that does not measure income but what resources and assets they have, it is the highest poverty rate in the EU together with Bulgaria.

Access to housing was previously poor, but has improved. It is very expensive to rent and buy housing, especially in Bucharest. In connection with the conversion of rental apartments into condominiums, prices have risen.

The quality of housing varies and many families are crowded. Many homes, especially in rural areas, have problems with water supply, electricity and heating. Power outages are common even in the capital sometimes.

The country's trade was totally dependent on the EU market which collapsed during the financial crisis. The Romanian economy therefore became one of the hardest hit. Purchasing power per capita was 46 percent of the EU average. Wages fell by 10% during December 2009. Material poverty increased to 50%.

Romania has major natural resources - oil, natural gas, coal, iron, copper and bauxite. The most important industries are the metal industry, the engineering industry and the petrochemical industry.

OTHER

The person we may know most from Romania is the story of the Count Dracula. What not everyone knows is that it is actually written about a real person, Count Vlad Dracul, who lived in the Transylvanian mountains on the 1400's. Vlad was a fierce prince, and his name derives from the habit of spinning his enemies on piles and then watching them die under severe plagues. He was a political manipulator who fought against a powerful king in Budapest, fought against the Ottoman Turks, and dealt brutally with envious rivals, timid merchants and frightened peasants. In a victory, however, he made the mistake of dressing in the clothes of fallen enemies and was killed himself.

About the wild nature of Romania
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jLcM0glrLTQ

About Romania
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RhhuWLym_hw

Sources:
Wikipedia
European Union

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